Sutemi vs. Munen Musow
1.) The system begins with
Sutemi and "ends" with Munen Musow.
Sutemi is based upon two words; Sute - to abandon; and Mi - body.
Together they mean to abandon the mind / body.
Munen Musow are comprised of the prefix Mu, which is to negate. Nen
means mind; Sow means body / posture. The meaning then is "without
thoughts / without posture".
2.) Sutemi and Munen Musow are
3.) Munen Musow is the Buddhist
concept for freedom from all extraneous forces and is the basic state
for entering enlightenment. It is also equivalent to Mushin.
B.) The Yudansha Arts are
primarily Arts of Spiritual Growth (within the Oriental framework of
1.) The precursor to the "Shin"
Arts is Kiai No Maki.
a.) It is the only list before
the Okuden to be called a scroll - the same as the "Shin"
b.) The list
stresses both external (Kiai) and internal (Aiki) energy. When one
inhales, one is breathing in a portion of the Cosmic Energy (Ki),
and when one exhales, one is releasing a portion of one's Ki. The
action of inhaling and exhaling is called Rhythm.
c.) Ki is the animating force
of Shin. It needs to be developed in parallel; otherwise the Spirit
will not grow.
2.) Ki is the basis for
understanding the Yudansha lists.
a.) Timing of Kiai and Aiki is
paramount to proper execution of the Arts.
b.) An understanding of basic
Rhythm is a prerequisite to correct execution.
c.) Maintaining a Positive
Spirit enhances and augments one's Ki.
3.) The Kiai list according to
the Mokuroku is titled Kiai No Maki; Ku Den. This may be translated
a.) The Scroll of Kiai; Oral
b.) The Scroll of Kiai
according to the Oral Tradition.
C.) What is this "Oral
1.) It is the tradition which
accompanied each scroll and spoke to the meaning or hidden teaching
to be found.
2.) It is Buddhist in nature,
but borrows extensively from Taoism.
3.) It is the tradition that
cultivation of a Way begins with negating Self.
D.) Meaning of the Yudansha lists.
1.) Shinin - Spiritual Rhythm
or Rhythm of the Spirit. Shinyo – Yang Spirit. Shinjin - Spirit Man
a.) All begin with the Prefix
Shin denoting Spirit.
b.) Spirit is the conceptual
equivalent to Character.
1.) Master Okazaki stated that training in the Martial
Arts leads to Perfection of Character.
2.) The Spirit Man = True Man of Taoist Literature. It
is a person who is of Perfect Character – someone who is in harmony
with Heaven, Earth and Man.
2.) After providing the name of
the scroll to be practiced, Prof. Estes would then have the class do
the related ceremonial bow. He then introduced each list with a brief
talk as to the meaning of the scroll (Oral Tradition).
Kiai No Maki is the scroll where one learns the proper use of Kiai
without which success in the advanced Arts is impossible.
Shinin is the scroll where one is to learn to get in Rhythm with the
movements of one's partner; to blend and flow with these movements;
and at the right time execute the technique. As Shin~Ki, this Rhythm
of the Spirit can be expressed as Rhythm of breathing.
Shinyo is the scroll where one is told it is imperative to maintain
silence while practicing these Arts. This is also called Meditation
d.) Shinjin is the scroll of the "Great Man"
(Spirit Man, “Christ-like” Man, True Man).
After the introduction to each scroll beginning with Kiai No Maki,
Prof. Estes urged his students to take this new teaching and apply it
to all the Arts learned to that point in time and to all future Arts.
E.) The Esoteric Principles state
that "within movement there is stillness and within stillness
there is movement."
1.) This is believed to be from
the following quote: "The stillness in stillness is not the real
stillness; only when there is stillness in movement can the spiritual
rhythm appear which pervades heaven and earth."
Another way of saying the above is: "The stillness in meditation
is not the real stillness; only when there is meditation in movement
can the spiritual rhythm appear which pervades heaven and earth."
Still another way: "The quietude in repose is not real
meditation; only when there is Shinyo in activity can
the Shinin appear which pervades heaven and earth."
2). Shinyo is equivalent to
that attitude and posture one adopts in the performance of Kata -
Meditating in Activity.
3). Shinin is the perfect
execution of technique where Uke has no fore knowledge of the
a.) It is being in tune with one's breathing and with
the breathing of one's partner / opponent.
b.) It is the ability to take advantage of one's
partner / opponent's breathing.
c.) One is weakest while inhaling and strongest while exhaling; to
feel one's partner / opponent breathing and take advantage of his
weakness is Shinin.
F.) Shinjin does not properly
belong to the central system that begins with Sutemi and ends
properly with Munen Musow of Shinyo.
1.) The founders of the AJ&JF
stressed that Shinjin is a list which is set aside - to be taught to
only a very few individuals. Rank is not a guarantee that one will be
taught this list.
2.) Qualities of character for
learning this list were emphasized as a precondition for
consideration; that is they might become candidates to learning;
however, there was no guarantee.
a.) Individuals must be trustworthy, dedicated, and
b.) Individuals must be of good moral character; integrity beyond
c.) Individuals must demonstrate a certain quality recognized only
by the Masters prior to being taught.
3.) Individuals of suspect
character were not to be taught these Arts under any circumstance.
4.) Conclusion - only those
individuals who demonstrate the qualities of Shinjin may be taught.
G.) Possible errors /
1.) Shinyo is not superior to
a.) For perfecting one's technique, understanding that "stillness
in movement" is prerequisite for perfect execution. That is
Shinyo is necessary for Shinin.
2.) The "secrets" are
not the lists.
a.) Being in repose while flowing
with the movements of one's partner / opponent is the secret to
success in the Martial Arts.
b.) This secret can be applied to
all activity, not just Judo or the Martial Arts.
c.) This is the secret spoken of as:
"Emptying the self, one enters into the realm of dispassion and
openheartedness, and for the first time is able to comprehend the
secret art of benefiting both oneself and others in perfect
H.) Areas consistent with Oriental
1.) Only bits and pieces of the
underlying principles concerning success were taught at any time.
2.) Much was left to the
student to work / play with in learning, thus there would by many
"little" enlightenments along the path of study.
3.) Only when the student
needed help after much struggle would one of the "little"
secrets to execution be taught.
4.) It is understood that a
student absorbs only a little that is given, therefore it is
necessary to give only a "little" more.
5.) Exposition of the system
was left for the disciples. They would be the inheritors of the
system and to them the full meaning would be taught.
a.) No guarantees that it would be
fully absorbed; therefore there must be several disciples to teach.
b.) No guarantees that it would be
fully propagated in any case.
c.) Exposition is the oral
transmission, the hidden meanings to the Arts.
Shinyo in not an "advanced"
list. The student is matured / developed / advanced. Shinyo
is comprised of both techniques and mnemonics. The mnemonics are
identified as follows:
1.) Sennin Gake
means both "Wizard on a precipice" and "To defeat a
The Sennin is one who has attained Mushin
consciousness and then separates himself from society.
b.) Because of this advanced state
of spiritual development, the Sennin is capable of defeating a gang
as if they were but one opponent; because to the Sennin they are but
2.) Ryuko means "Dragon
fighting Tiger". Dragon is a metaphor for all the good qualities
one may possess, while Tiger is all the negative qualities. Thus, to
defeat the Tiger is to recognize all those positive qualities
inherent within oneself and propel them to the forefront (or to
achieve balance between the two).
3.) Tori Nirami / Kiai Tori are
Arts that further develop one's Ki (Vital Energy).
a.) Only with years of training in
learning proper breathing, postureand concentration can development
of Ki be furthered.
b.) Proper Tori Nirami is not
possible without Mushin consciousness, but provides one additional
technique for overcoming the final hurdle of throwing away "that
4.) Senryu Tome is comprised of
both techniques and oral tradition. It properly means "To
anticipate and stop aggression." (Senryu = martial tactics; Tome
a.) The techniques are those one has
already mastered, such as pivots, parries, etc. The Art is often
taught as kicks; however, these too are taught much earlier.
b.) Senryu (defensive tactics) occur
at the moment that one's opponent thinks of attacking and before the
opponent is able to execute the attack. This interval is called
to the development of
breathing / posture / concentration / Ki one has attained a
level of discernment to recognize these Sukis.
2.) Having learned to blend with
one's opponent; having mastered Kiai; having mastered Aiki; one
is able to thwart the actions of an opponent as if by "sleigh
of hand"; that is often times without any physical
confrontation occurring. This is called mastery over others.
5.) Munen Musow means to be
free of thoughts / without “posture”.
a.) This is equal to Mushin
b.) Without thoughts / without
“posture” refer to that stage of development where an opponent
tries to attack and one is not there. A spontaneous pivot - and the
opponent's energy is wasted.
c.) It also refers to that mental
state where one freely moves in defense without hesitation. One just
d.) This is the prerequisite for
Enlightenment, or attainment of the True Spirit. This is called
mastery over self.